You may have heard about it, but do you know, what is endometriosis? Well, it is basically a condition which results from the abnormal growth of endometrial cells outside the uterus. These cells attach themselves to the exterior of the uterus and are commonly known as endometriosis implants. The main problem with these implants is that they carry a cancer-risk. These endometrial implants can also cause problems if they occur on the fallopian tubes, ovaries or intestines.
It may be worthwhile mentioning here that all women capable of reproduction are at risk of endometriosis, with the greatest incidence being observed in women aged between 25-35 years.
Common causes of endometriosis are yet to be pinpointed, despite continuous research in this area. However there are some reasons which have come to light:
• Endometrial cells may reach unusual locations due to the reverse flow of menstrual blood during periods. But then again, not all women who suffer from this retrograde menstruation problem, contract endometriosis.
• The pelvic organs may be surrounded by primitive cells which can warp into other forms such as endometrial cells.
• Transfer of endometrial tissue can also occur during surgeries, particularly a Cesarean Section.
• The growth of endometrial implants in the brain (as noted rarely) can only be attributed to carriage of the tissue by the blood stream.
What about the symptoms of endometriosis? Well, here too there are no specific signs to go by. Actually most women suffering from endometriosis do not have any symptoms at all. And the few who have them suffer from pelvic pain of varying degree. This pain occurs during menstruation and fades away after the period gets over.
Painful sexual intercourse or cramping during sex can also be taken as warning signs for endometriosis. If you are experiencing pelvic pain quite constantly, for months, you may have developed endometrial implants.
Problems in conceiving despite being healthy otherwise, may also be considered as a symptom of endometriosis. This is because; implants in ovaries can actually hamper the process of fertilization of the egg cell.
What happens when you have endometriosis? You can consult a doctor who them prescribes one of several types of available treatments. They are:
• Using painkillers to suppress the pelvic-pain associated with this condition. Simple analgesics such as aspirin and paracetamol or a combination of both are the most commonly prescribed painkillers. However, mild narcotics or narco-analgesics may also be used.
• Hormonal therapy usually involves the reduction of estrogen in the body, because this hormone aggravates endometriosis. Use of oral contraceptive pills is the treatment suggested by most doctors. However, in some serious cases, even direct injections of progestin are used.
• Laparoscopic surgery is used for diagnosing endometriosis. However once diagnosed, the cysts, lesions and adhesions can be removed in the same operation.
• Hysterectomy is seen as a definitive way to end all problems once endometriosis takes threatening proportions.
A proper diet is also helpful in dealing with the exertions on your health while undergoing treatment for endometriosis. You have no reason to be afraid of endometriosis because you now know what it is.
What Is Endometriosis
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